Archive for the ‘militant’ Category

A look at the Islamic militant Hamas group

January 9, 2009

NAME: Arabic for “zeal.” Is acronym of Harakat al-Muqawamah al-Islamiyyah, or Islamic Resistance Movement. Use first was in 1987 leaflet presaging launch of first Palestinian uprising against Israel, 1987-93.

GOAL: To establish Islamic theocracy in Israel, West Bank and Gaza Strip. Does not recognize state of Israel and committed to its destruction.

OPERATIONS: Built grass-roots base through preaching and network of health, education and welfare services in Gaza Strip and West Bank. Preaches armed resistance against Israel and has staged dozens of suicide bombings and other attacks, killing hundreds. Listed as terror group by U.S., European Union and Israel.

FUNDING: Community services financed by Arab agencies and Islamic charities; Israel claims funding for military wing (Izzedine al-Qassam) comes from Iran, Syria and Palestinians living abroad.

HISTORY: Began as offshoot of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood in 1970s. Initially supported by Israel as counterbalance to Yasser Arafat’s Palestine Liberation Organization. Early activity concentrated on social and community issues; militant faction took over in 1980s. Entered politics with run for Palestinian parliament in 2006, defeating long-dominant Fatah.

GAZA TAKEOVER: Seized control of Gaza in 2007 during five days of battles with Fatah forces loyal to moderate Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.

DECISION-MAKING: Khaled Mashaal, former physics teacher who lives in Syria, considered….

Read the rest from The Associated Press:

Pakistan Must Face Up to Terrorists — Editorial

December 6, 2008

Pakistan’s government has fiercely denied any role in the terrorist attacks on Mumbai that killed more than 160 people. We hope that is true. But there are strong signs that the terrorists were members of the Pakistani-based group Lashkar-e-Taiba, a former proxy of Islamabad’s powerful intelligence service that — despite being officially banned — continues to operate in plain sight in Pakistan.

New York Times Editorial
Any act of terrorism is horrifying, but the potential aftermath of this one is even more so.

India and Pakistan have already fought three wars. Both are nuclear armed. It is not hard to imagine that the attackers’ real goal was to disrupt recent efforts to improve relations — and provoke an even greater cataclysm. Everything must be done to avoid that.

Members of the Gujarat People Oscillation Committee (GPOC) burn ... 
Members of the Gujarat People Oscillation Committee (GPOC) burn Pakistan’s national flag during a protest against Mumbai’s recent attacks, in the western Indian city of Ahmedabad December 6, 2008. Police said on Saturday that they had arrested two men who helped the Mumbai attackers get mobile phone cards they used to stay in touch during the three-day rampage.REUTERS/Amit Dave (INDIA)

India has so far shown extraordinary restraint. It will have to continue to do so as the investigation moves forward. Pakistan, which has bounced between sympathy and bluster, must provide full cooperation — no matter where the investigation leads.

Pakistan’s president, Asif Ali Zardari, must face up to his country’s involvement — whether official or nearly so. We know his new civilian government is weak, and he may not be able to accede to New Delhi’s demands that all suspects be turned over to India for prosecution.

This television frame grab shows Pakistani President Asif Ali ... 
President Zardari of Pakistan (AFP)

At a minimum, his government must be ready to arrest and try anyone involved in the attacks, and mete out long jail terms if they are convicted. Islamabad must finally shut down all the Lashkar training camps and recruitment activity.

We also are waiting for a forceful public repudiation of the militant groups ….

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