China is putting greater emphasis on vocational education in rural areas this year to ensure migrant workers who have lost their jobs in cities have access to practical skills-training programs when they return home.
China aims to provide as many as 90 million continuing training courses for adults, many of them related to rural skills transfers and techniques, the education ministry said today in a statement on China’s central government Web site.
A cooling economy is forcing companies to cut jobs and as many as 20 million rural residents who had moved to cities to work may have return home this year, economists estimate. China’s manufacturing contracted for a fifth month in December as recessions in the U.S., Europe and Japan slowed demand for exports, the CLSA China Purchasing Managers’ Index said.
“There’s a need to actively promote vocational training, vigorously develop adult education and distance learning for urban and rural workers,” the statement said. There’s a need “to further strengthen and develop skill training for farmers.”
China will expand secondary vocational education and aims to recruit 8.4 million students this year, the statement said.
The government also wants to increase ideological and political education for university students, focusing on courses on Marxist theory, the ministry said.